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The muscle relaxants are actually used to relieve the muscle spasms that can result from a few conditions that affect our nervous system. Conditions that can cause the muscle spasms will include motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis, and cerebral palsy. The muscle spasms & tightness might also follow the long term injuries in head and back. The muscle spasm can occur as a part of the short term condition and injury, like low back pain and whiplash. Medication will help muscles to relax that can reduce discomfort and pain.

What’re muscle relaxants?

The muscle relaxants are the medicines used for preventing and reducing the muscle spasms & tightness (spasticity). The muscle spasms happen when there’s the uncontrolled (or involuntary) contraction of the muscles group. So, how do muscle relaxants work? Muscles generally shorten (or contract) suddenly; it is painful. Spasticity happens when any muscles contract very tightly and then can become stiff or harder to use. So, any damage to joints from disease and injury will interfere with the movement and can cause huge pain. Lots of different conditions will lead to the painful joints, which includes osteoarthritis, bursitis, rheumatoid arthritis, strains, gout, sprains or other injuries. The joint pain is very common.

Muscle relaxants to prescribe and they include:

Most of the muscle relaxant preparations actually are available as the capsules, tablets and liquids. Baclofen is available as the injection in the back (intrathecal injection). Diazepam also is available as the liquid inserted in back passage and there’s diazepam preparation injected in muscle. The cannabis extract is available only as the spray for mouth. Some other treatments used for the muscle spasticity are the injections in affected areas with the Botox® or other chemicals. So, it is very important to know what are causes of joint and muscle pain?

Muscle relaxants are at times used for treating other conditions – for instance, diazepam is used for treating anxiety and difficulty in sleeping (or insomnia). It’s given as the pre-medication (called ‘pre-med’) before operation, mainly during the procedures that can cause anxiety and discomfort. It also can be used for treating seizures. The rectal diazepam tubes are prescribed for this, since they are very useful if quick effect is required or if it’s not possible to give medicine by mouth.

Alston Baron

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